Statement of solidarity during the Coronavirus pandemic
As a consortium of museum researchers, practitioners, and policy makers facing the unprecedented global situation around Covid-19, we take this moment to reflect on the role of museum communities and community museums in the world, as experienced through our Horizon 2020 project EU-LAC Museums.
On behalf of the project and its mentors ICOM Europe and ICOM Latin America and the Caribbean, our best thoughts go out first and foremost to the families losing loved ones too soon or facing personal difficulties, to the governments dealing with rapid change, and to the medical professionals who are responding so heroically to the pandemic.
The museum world is now facing its own crisis with future funding and infrastructure at risk and difficult decisions to be made at all levels [See here the ICOM’s website statement]. And yet, the experience of our project has shown that museums are more than traditional buildings, collections and established curatorial practices, having value for social, cultural, and environmental as well as economic development [Download here the new ICOM Resolution]. These are the values that we can look to at a time like this, when communities need to work together more than ever for the greater good, allowing the museum as an institution to adapt and become what it needs to be in times of crisis, whether a distribution centre, a care facility, or whatever else the community may need.
In the years of its existence, EU-LAC Museums has weathered a number of difficult circumstances, including the El Niño in Peru in 2017, the hurricanes in Costa Rica and the Caribbean in 2017, the civil unrest in Chile in 2019, and now the lastminute cancellation of our final General Assembly in Costa Rica owing to Coronavirus. Today, communities are in crisis, and through this situation we will continue to demonstrate through our research and collective action how, through relationships with community museums and local leaders we can work together to overcome difficulties and demonstrate resilience.
Karen Brown, EU-LAC Museums Coordinator
Luís Raposo, President of ICOM Europe
Beatrice Espinoza, President of ICOM Latin America and the Caribbean
Scotland, Portugal, Spain, France, Peru, Chile, Costa Rica and West Indies
EU-LAC-MUSEUMS Museums and Community
Concepts, Experiences, and Sustainability in Europe, Latin America and the Caribbean
Welcome to eulacmuseums.net – the website where you will discover the world of small, local museums and their communities in Europe, Latin America and the Caribbean! We are a consortium of academics, museum professionals and policy makers who are committed to community museology making a difference in the world.
WP8 D8.9 Compendium of Sustainable Community Museums (led by MNA/DGPC)
On Community and Sustainable Museums
Edited by Karen Brown, Peter Davis, Luís Raposo
The aim of this Book of Community and Sustainable Museums is to share the experience and knowledge of our project Advisors - Beatriz Espinoza, Hugues de Varine,Teresa Morales Lersch, and Peter Davis - concerning the key concepts and features of community and sustainable museums. They also provide reflections and didactic tools to suggest how a community might go about conceiving and creating a new community or ecomuseum if they so wished.
Edited by Sherill Keefe and Thea Bjoeranger under the guidance of Dr Karen Brown
This bibliography has been prepared by the Museums, Galleries and Collections Research Institute, School of Art History and Museum & Gallery Studies, University of St Andrews, as part of the EU-LAC Museums research project. Our bibliography has been arranged according to language and in alphabetical order. It is being shared on our project web portal to reach as many researchers as possible working on our project theme of ecomuseums, community museology, and sustainability relating to heritage.
WP3: Chile Case Study (led by UACh)
Characterization of the Museums Network
Karin Weil, Laura Fuquene, Gustavo Blanco, Simón Urbina y Crsitobal Bize
This document is the result of field work carried out between May and June 2017, which aimed to facilitate the approach between the museums and cultural centers that make up the Network of Museums and Cultural Centers of Los Ríos Region, in order to know in greater depth their diverse realities from quantitative and qualitative aspects referring to territory, users and communities.
This research is presented in an exploratory way through an interpretative approach, analyzing qualitative and quantitative data with primary and secondary data sources.
WP4: Bi-Regional Youth Exchange
Experiences from the Bi-Regional Youth Exchange
Karen Brown, Jamie Allan Brown, Ronald Martínez Villarreal, Paula Menino Homem
This booklet shares a selection of the experiences from the Bi-Regional Youth Exchange between Europe and Latin America.
There is no time like the present to ensure young people have every opportunity to contribute to their communities, promote their heritage, participate in decision making and challenge the threats that they and their community may face.
The young people involved in this EU-LAC-MUSEUMS Bi-Regional Youth Exchange have demonstrated their capability of engaging in heritage, discussing the problems their communities face and finding solutions for the future.
"Societal challenges can lead to opportunities if approached in the right way. Europe is currently undergoing a crisis of identity, seeking to define its past, present, and future position in relation to the wider world, and to consolidate regional cohesion across generations within a wider, global knowledge economy. EU-LAC-MUSEUMS, ICOM Europe and ICOM LAC are committed to the idea that fostering inter-cultural dialogue and creativity through their regional and community museums is fundamental to this process."
The focus of the EU-LAC-MUSEUMS project is to follow the EU-CELAC Action Plan (2013-15) in carrying out a comparative analysis of small to medium-sized rural museums and their communities in the EU and LAC regions, and to develop associated history and theory. To this end, we have created the following objectives.
Objective 1: To increase the knowledge area of EU-CELAC relations in the museum world by researching the concepts and experiences of sustainability in museums and communities in the two regions, with a special focus on heritage technologies and histories of migration as they relate to these communities.
Objective 2: To enhance sustainable development and social inclusiveness in the museum sector in remote rural and island locations through dialogue between academics, policy makers, museums, and local communities.
Objective 3: To create a common and sustainable vision for community museums ratified by ICOM, and in line with EU-CELAC and JIRI actions.
Objective 4: To make available and to celebrate knowledge generated by the project to all potential users, museum professionals, and decision makers through an ambitious web portal and an extensive dissemination programme.
Objective 5: To ensure rigorous evaluation of project methods and outcomes for future EU-LAC platforms, and to build long-term sustainable relationships between institutions in EU and LAC, and especially within our partner countries.
Characterize and promote the statements about historic and family memory, cultural identity and material/immaterial heritage which are emitted by the museums of the Region of Los Rios, and other museums situated in member countries from the EU-LAC Museum Consortium. Pursuing the promotion of ancestral knowledge, the bi-directional transmission of knowledge and principles between the communities-museums-universities, and strengthening the working relationship of the network of Museums.
Technology and Innovation for Bi-Regional Integration
By allowing local community museums to create a network with other similar organisations, in both LAC and EU, our project, and in particular this work package, will significantly promote and aid the development of mutual knowledge and understanding of peoples, through digital (namely web) and physical in situ means. Museums are an invaluable tool in this process due to their capacity to connect the remote/digital with the present/physical understanding of the world, both in terms of its similarities and diversities.
Fostering Sustainable Community Museums
EU-LAC-MUSEUMS seeks to carry out out a comparative analysis of small to medium-sized rural museums and their communities in the EU and LAC regions, and to develop associated history and theory.
Exhibiting Migration and Gender
To empower institutional partners within the EU_LAC project with the necessary digitisation and communication technology training and tools allowing them to fully participate in and support the development of a virtual museum of the migration experience/s as informed by the experiences and trajectories outlined.
To conceptualise and develop new interpretation resources, utilising both historical and contemporary contracts (both memory and art based) in the development of travelling exhibitions and associated educational resources, making available through partnership arrangements with museums as identified.
Galleries of 3D Artefacts
Objects, following certain criteria, are picked by museum staff to either be 3D scanned or photogrammatised. Scanning can be done only if the necessary equipment is available, which lends photogrammetry to be the preferred affordable method. Images are sent through open source software that creates a 3D file which then can be archived and uploaded to a social archiving site such as Sketchfab. As a social site, Sketchfab tracks a user’s followers, views and comments. All digital objects appear in a video player which can be embedded in websites easily.
Created specifically for the EU-LAC MUSEUMS project by the University of St Andrews, the EU-LAC MUSEUMS Virtual Museum is a major research outcome that assembles digital media of cultural heritage; making it easy to access and use. 3D digital objects, 360° museum tours and community discussion videos populate the Virtual Museum as content generated from the 3D Workshops, held in three European, three Latin American and three Caribbean countries. By creating digital content from community museums all over the world, the heritage, objects and stories can be shared and appreciated by a global audience.
One of the objectives of this initiative is to encourage small community museums to contribute to a global online inventory.
In community museums, the exhibited objects represent (or are part of) an intangible cultural heritage. We propose the creation of a database that integrates an object-oriented inventory with an intangible cultural heritage-oriented inventory.
The contents of the website will be easier to search and access if we place all the cultural heritage (tangible and intangible) in a single database, even though the registration fields are not all the same for these two types of cultural heritage. In addition, an item placed in the database may contain a publication, several image files, a video file or an audio file. Or just one of these elements.
This exhibition presents the Project fundaments, the Consortium and a set of selected Community Museums in each partner’s country or region. It is intended to be both a disseminating as a challenging tool: all suggestions allowing us to improve our data bases of community museums in the entire EU-LAC regions are most welcomed.
EU-LAC-MUSEUMS Project also strongly incentivizes possible interested users to digitally disseminate this exhibition. All museums or similar institutions wanting to print in real size and present this exhibition are kindly invited to inform the Project (Email: firstname.lastname@example.org), so to get permission and potentiate possible common interests.
The research team at St Andrews have produced a Manual on creating 3D objects for community museum use. The aim of the manual is to instruct local people in how to make 3D objects using photogrammetry in particular. The manuals have been researched during and used alongside workshops in the EU-LAC project, and afterwards by community groups continuing to digitise and send data to the project.
Objects, following certain criteria, are picked by museum staff to either be 3D scanned or photogrammatised. Scanning can be done only if the necessary equipment is available, which lends photogrammetry to be the preferred affordable method. Images are sent through open source software that creates a 3D file which then can be archived and uploaded to a social archiving site such as Sketchfab.
Virtual tours of cultural museums allow first time visitors to explore new cultures as well as enabling previous residents to revisit and explore their family’s past.
Using the social archiving site Round.Me, 360 degree photographs taken through museums can be linked together creating an immersive tour. The site allows hotspots to be added within the scenes, which can handle text, audio, images and video. The finished tour can be embedded into a website or viewed through the Round.Me site. The archiving site also takes in analysis of views, followers and comments so basic visitor data can be quantified.